European Journal of Chemistry 2019, 10(1), 64-71. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820

Investigation of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin removal by modification of CaO derived from eggshell with AgI: Adsorption, kinetic and photocatalytic studies


Ibtighaa Kadhim Radhi (1) orcid , Mouayed Abdulaali Hussein (2,*) orcid , Zaki Naser Kadhim (3) orcid

(1) Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, 61001, Iraq
(2) Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, 61001, Iraq
(3) Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, 61001, Iraq
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 24 Nov 2018, Accepted: 26 Dec 2018, Published: 31 Mar 2019

Abstract


Successful removal of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin dyes from aqueous solutions using modified CaO nanoparticles has been investigated. The CaO was obtained from eggshells and modified with AgI. The adsorbents were characterized using X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The kinetic studies were also investigated, the results showed that the adsorption of alizarin dye follows the pseudo-first-order model, while the adsorption of the nigrosine, indigo, and acid fuchsin follow the pseudo-second-order model onto modified and unmodified CaO. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity of modified adsorbent was tested under sunlight. The modified adsorbent showed a strong photocatalytic activity, a 0.01 g modified adsorbent was sufficient to absorb 100% of acid fuchsin through only 5 min after exposes to sunlight.


Keywords


SEM; TEM; Kinetics; Adsorption; Modification; Photocatalytic

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820

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How to cite


Radhi, I.; Hussein, M.; Kadhim, Z. Eur. J. Chem. 2019, 10(1), 64-71. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820
Radhi, I.; Hussein, M.; Kadhim, Z. Investigation of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin removal by modification of CaO derived from eggshell with AgI: Adsorption, kinetic and photocatalytic studies. Eur. J. Chem. 2019, 10(1), 64-71. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820
Radhi, I., Hussein, M., & Kadhim, Z. (2019). Investigation of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin removal by modification of CaO derived from eggshell with AgI: Adsorption, kinetic and photocatalytic studies. European Journal of Chemistry, 10(1), 64-71. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820
Radhi, Ibtighaa, Mouayed Abdulaali Hussein, & Zaki Naser Kadhim. "Investigation of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin removal by modification of CaO derived from eggshell with AgI: Adsorption, kinetic and photocatalytic studies." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 10.1 (2019): 64-71. Web. 18 Nov. 2019
Radhi, Ibtighaa, Hussein, Mouayed, AND Kadhim, Zaki. "Investigation of nigrosine, alizarin, indigo and acid fuchsin removal by modification of CaO derived from eggshell with AgI: Adsorption, kinetic and photocatalytic studies" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 10 Number 1 (31 March 2019)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.10.1.64-71.1820

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