European Journal of Chemistry 2012, 3(1), 99-105. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568
OPEN ACCESS

Study on adsorption behavior and separation efficiency of naturally occurring clay for some elements by batch experiments


Abd El Hakim Taha Kandil (1,*) , Ebtssam Ahamed Saad (2) , Ayman Ahmed Abdel Aziz (3) , Amir Ezzat Aboelhasan (4)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Helwan, 11790, Egypt
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566, Egypt
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566, Egypt
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566, Egypt
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 01 Dec 2011, Accepted: 13 Jan 2012, Published: 31 Mar 2012

Abstract


This paper describes the versatile nature of clay that was obtained from Suez Gulf, Suez city, Egypt, as a new low cost natural resource which is non toxic to ecosystem and highly effective adsorbent material. The properties of the natural clay and its significance in removing Th(IV) and Ce(IV) as a representative of tetravalent actinides and lanthanides, respectively, La(III) as a representative of trivalent lanthanides as well as homologues of americium and Sr(II) as one of the fission products, in aqueous solutions have been studied, in order to consider its application for nuclear waste treatment. Batch experiments have been carried out to determine the effect of various factors such as initial metal ion concentration, clay dose, pH, contact time, and temperature on the adsorption process. The results have dictated that, the adsorption efficiency of the natural clay was significantly high at pH = 4. Maximum metal ion uptake capacity of clay has been obtained from batch studies was 99.24, 98.21, 77.76 and 57.94% for Th(IV), Ce(IV), La(III) and Sr(II), respectively. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔHo, ΔSo and ΔGo) have been calculated from the temperature dependent adsorption isotherms. Furthermore, separation factors (α) have been calculated in order to separate these elements from each other at pH = 4.

3_1_99_105_800


Keywords


Adsorption; Natural clay; Separation factor; Radioactive waste; Batch experiments; Thermodynamic parameters

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568

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How to cite


Kandil, A.; Saad, E.; Aziz, A.; Aboelhasan, A. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(1), 99-105. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568
Kandil, A.; Saad, E.; Aziz, A.; Aboelhasan, A. Study on adsorption behavior and separation efficiency of naturally occurring clay for some elements by batch experiments. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(1), 99-105. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568
Kandil, A., Saad, E., Aziz, A., & Aboelhasan, A. (2012). Study on adsorption behavior and separation efficiency of naturally occurring clay for some elements by batch experiments. European Journal of Chemistry, 3(1), 99-105. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568
Kandil, Abd, Ebtssam Ahamed Saad, Ayman Ahmed Abdel Aziz, & Amir Ezzat Aboelhasan. "Study on adsorption behavior and separation efficiency of naturally occurring clay for some elements by batch experiments." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 3.1 (2012): 99-105. Web. 7 Dec. 2019
Kandil, Abd, Saad, Ebtssam, Aziz, Ayman, AND Aboelhasan, Amir. "Study on adsorption behavior and separation efficiency of naturally occurring clay for some elements by batch experiments" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 3 Number 1 (31 March 2012)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.1.99-105.568

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