OPEN ACCESS | PEER-REVIEWED | RESEARCH ARTICLE | DOWNLOAD PDF | VIEW FULL-TEXT PDF | TOTAL VIEWS
Determination of trace metals in air of Chittagong city-Bangladesh
Mohammed Jamaluddin Ahmed (1,*) , Mohammed Khorshed Ali (2) , Muzammel Hossain (3) , Shajahan Siraj (4) , Mohammed Aminul Ahsan (5)
(1) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh
(2) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh
(3) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh
(4) Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
(5) Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
(*) Corresponding Author
Received: 01 Jun 2012 | Accepted: 17 Aug 2012 | Published: 31 Dec 2012 | Issue Date: December 2012
Air pollution problem is severe in the urban areas caused by both mobile as well as stationary sources. Mainly the two-stroke and diesel-run vehicles cause the severity of the problem by emitting highly contaminated exhausts. Considering severity of the problem, current study was undertaken to measure the air pollutants level in air of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. The heavy metals Zn, Pb, Mn, Cd, Cu and Co in suspended particulate matter (SPM) were determined at different locations of Chittagong city. The sampling locations were selected to reflect different influences from industrial and mobile sources in the highly populated center part of Chittagong city. Samplings were done during October and November 2008 from different areas of the metropolitan city of Chittagong city (Newmarket, Bahaddarhat, Nasirabad, General Electric Company (G.E.C.) Circle and Director’s Office of Department of Environment, Bangladesh). High volume sampler was used for the determination of SPM and the different metal concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The average results of particulate matters and trace metals have been compared to national and international standards. The value of SPM in air of Chittagong city is higher than that of Threshold Limit Value (TLV) recommended by World Health Organization (WHO), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), USA and Department of Environment (DoE), Bangladesh. The metal concentrations of ambient air collected at different locations in Chittagong city is exceeded the threshold limit values and as a result the air of Chittagong city is considered polluted. Therefore, it is suggested that Government of Bangladesh should take proper steps to control the air pollution of Chittagong city.
Links for Article
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
Article MetricsThis Abstract was viewed 873 times | PDF Article downloaded 313 times
Department of Environment, Government of Bangladesh, Chittagong, Bangladesh and Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh
. “Ayat Allah” Al-Massaedh, Ahmad Gharaibeh, Samah Radaydeh, Idrees Al-Momani
Assessment of toxic and essential heavy metals in imported dried fruits sold in the local markets of Jordan
European Journal of Chemistry 9(4), 394, 2018
. Asamene Embiale, Feleke Zewge, Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi, Endalkachew Sahle-Demessie
Short-term exposure assessment to particulate matter and total volatile organic compounds in indoor air during cooking Ethiopian sauces (Wot) using electricity, kerosene and charcoal fuels
Indoor and Built Environment 28(8), 1140, 2019
. De, A. K. Environmental Chemistry, Fifth Edition, New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 2000.
. Wales, J. Wikipedia, 2009. 08/17/2012. http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution
. Karim, M. M. Traffic pollution in Bangladesh & Metropolitan Dhaka a Preliminary Investigation, 2009.
. Karim, M. M.; Matsui, H.; Guensler, R. The 89th Annual Meeting of A & WMA, Nashville, Tennessee, June 23-28, 1996.
. Ming, H. Y. Environmental Toxicology. Second Edition, CRC Press LLC, USA, 2005, pp. 36-41.
. Hare, S.; Cresswell, L.; Twig, R.; Buchdahal, J. Atmosphere, Climate & Environmental Information Programme, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK, 1999.
. http://www.epa.gov/airquality/sulfurdioxide/health.html (12.16.2012).
. Karim, M. M.; Matsui, H.; Transport and Environment, Elsevier Science Ltd. 1998, 3(2), 81-87.
. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Health Aspects of Air Pollution, http://www.euro.who.int/, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2003.
. Brunkreef, B.; Holgate, S. T.; Air Pollution and Health, Lancet 2002, 360, 1233-42.
. Miah, S. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, http://www.asiaticsociety.org.bd, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 3rd ed., 2009.
. Begum, B. A.; Kim, E.; Biswas, S. K.; Hopke, P. K. Atmos. Environ. 2004, 38, 3025-3038.
. Begum, B. A.; Biswas, S. K.; Nasiruddin, M.; Hossain, A. M. S.; Hopke, P. K. Environ. Eng. Sci. 2009, 26(3), 679-689.
. Hashemi, K. M. A. City Report of Chittagong, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, http://www.asiaticsociety.org.bd, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1st ed., 2006.
. Jamaluddin, A. M.; Khorshed, A. M. Int. J. Res. Chem. Environ. 2012, 2(2), 178-187
. Majumder, A. K.; Hossain, M. E.; Islam, M. N.; Sarwar, M. I. Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Eng. Tech. 2007, 1(4) 1-11.
. Mori, I. M.; Nishikawa, T. T.; Quan, H. Atmos. Environ. 2003, 37, 4263-4268.
. Shaheen, N.; Shah, M. H.; Jaffar, M. Water Air Soil Poll. 2005, 164, 294-302.
. Rostami, S.; Sohrabpour, M.; Mirzaee, H.; Puxbaun, T. Environ. Int. 1999, 25, 969-981.
. Sohrabpour, M.; Mirzaee, H.; Rostami, S.; Athari, M. Environ. Int. 1999, 25, 75-83.
How to cite
The other citation formats (EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | BibTeX | RefWorks) for this article can be found online at: How to cite item
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.416-420.645
| | | | | | |
| | | | | |
Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley
European Journal of Chemistry 2012, 3(4), 416-420 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.416-420.645 | Get rights and content
- There are currently no refbacks.
© Copyright 2010 - 2020 • Atlanta Publishing House LLC • All Right Reserved.
The opinions expressed in all articles published in European Journal of Chemistry are those of the specific author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Atlanta Publishing House LLC, or European Journal of Chemistry, or any of its employees.
Copyright 2010-2020 Atlanta Publishing House LLC. All rights reserved. This site is owned and operated by Atlanta Publishing House LLC whose registered office is 2850 Smith Ridge Trce Peachtree Cor GA 30071-2636, USA. Registered in USA.