European Journal of Chemistry 2013, 4(3), 240-244. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834

The effect of dispersing agent on the dyeing of polyester fabrics with disperse dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile


Alya Al-Etaibi (1,*) , Morsy Ahmed El-Apasery (2) , Nouria Al-Awadi (3)

(1) Natural Science Department, College of Health Science, Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Fayha, 72853, Kuwait
(2) Dyeing, Printing and Textile Auxiliaries Department, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre, 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Safat, 13060, Kuwait
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 20 May 2013, Accepted: 08 Jun 2013, Published: 30 Sep 2013

Abstract


1,4-Diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile (8), is synthesized by reacting ethyl cyanoacetate with ethyl amine to produce the amide 4, which when reacted with methyl propionylacetate, afforded compound 8. Compound 8 is then coupled with aromatic diazonium salts to give the corresponding arylhydrazono-1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile disperse dyes, 11a-d, whose structures were elucidated by using X-ray crystal structure determinations. A high temperature dyeing method was employed to apply these dyes for polyester fabrics. The relationship between dyeing properties and the concentration of dispersing agent present in a dye bath is evaluated.

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Keywords


Disperse dyes; Polyester fabrics; Fastness properties; Dispersing agent; Sodium lignin sulfonate; X-ray crystal structure determinations

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834

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Citations

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[1]. Ali AbdelHamid Deeb, Mamdoh Bahgat El‐Hossami, Ahmed Awad Mohammed Abdelgawad
Pyridazine and its related compounds: Part 33. Synthesis of some disperse dyes derived from 3-hydrazinyl-4,5-diphenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridazine and their color assessment on polyester fabric
European Journal of Chemistry  6(1), 57, 2015
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.6.1.57-62.1145
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[2]. Alya Al-Etaibi, Morsy Ahmed El-Apasery, Huda Mahmoud, Nouria Al-Awadi
Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity, and applications of new azo pyridone disperse dyes on polyester fabric
European Journal of Chemistry  5(2), 321, 2014
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.321-327.969
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[3]. Ali AbdelHamid Deeb, Mamdoh Bahgat El-Hossami, Ahmed Awad AbdelGawad
Pyridazine derivatives and its related compounds. Part 31. Synthesis of some disperse dyes derived from 3-amino-1H-pyrzolo[3,4-c]pyridazine and their color assessment on polyester fabrics
European Journal of Chemistry  5(4), 639, 2014
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.5.4.639-643.1126
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How to cite


Al-Etaibi, A.; El-Apasery, M.; Al-Awadi, N. Eur. J. Chem. 2013, 4(3), 240-244. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834
Al-Etaibi, A.; El-Apasery, M.; Al-Awadi, N. The effect of dispersing agent on the dyeing of polyester fabrics with disperse dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile. Eur. J. Chem. 2013, 4(3), 240-244. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834
Al-Etaibi, A., El-Apasery, M., & Al-Awadi, N. (2013). The effect of dispersing agent on the dyeing of polyester fabrics with disperse dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile. European Journal of Chemistry, 4(3), 240-244. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834
Al-Etaibi, Alya, Morsy Ahmed El-Apasery, & Nouria Al-Awadi. "The effect of dispersing agent on the dyeing of polyester fabrics with disperse dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 4.3 (2013): 240-244. Web. 17 Nov. 2019
Al-Etaibi, Alya, El-Apasery, Morsy, AND Al-Awadi, Nouria. "The effect of dispersing agent on the dyeing of polyester fabrics with disperse dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carbonitrile" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 4 Number 3 (30 September 2013)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.4.3.240-244.834

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