European Journal of Chemistry

Chitosan as an eco-friendly heterogeneous catalyst for Michael type addition reactions. A simple and efficient route to pyridones and phthalazines



Main Article Content

Khaled Khalil
Hamad Al-Matar
Mohamed Elnagdi

Abstract

Depending on their nature, nitrile activated methylene compounds add readily to β-enaminones in presence of chitosan to yield dienamides, pyridones or pyridine thiones. The dienamides, formed in this manner, can be readily converted to pyridones by stirring in refluxing acetic acid. Reaction of pyridazinones with a mixture containing benzaldehyde, malononitrile and chitosan affords phthalazines that are also produced by reaction of pyridazinone with benzylidene-malononitrile.

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Khalil, K.; Al-Matar, H.; Elnagdi, M. Chitosan As an Eco-Friendly Heterogeneous Catalyst for Michael Type Addition Reactions. A Simple and Efficient Route to Pyridones and Phthalazines. Eur. J. Chem. 2010, 1, 252-258.

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