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Influence of Mg(II) substitution on the structural, magnetic, and permeability properties of R-type hexagonal ferrites
Zahoor Ul Hassan (1) , Imran Sadiq (2) , Hasan Mehmood Khan (3) , Sajjad Hussain (4,*) , Farhan Sadiq (5) , Mishal Idrees (6) , Muhammad Shahbaz (7) , Samreen Saeed (8) , Muhammad Imran (9) , Saira Riaz (10) , Shahzad Naseem (11)
(1) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(2) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(3) Institute of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan
(4) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(5) State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, R. P. China
(6) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(7) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(8) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(9) Department of Physics, Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore, 54770, Pakistan
(10) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(11) Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
(*) Corresponding Author
Received: 18 Nov 2022 | Revised: 25 Jan 2023 | Accepted: 04 Feb 2023 | Published: 30 Jun 2023 | Issue Date: June 2023
A series of single-phase R-type hexagonal ferrites with the composition Sr1-xMgxFe4Sn2O11 (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) were manufactured using the auto-combustion sol-gel method sintered at 800 °C. The objective of this work was to study the effect of Mg additives on the structural, magnetic, and permeability properties of the synthesised material. The X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that all prepared samples have hexagonal structures. The scanning electron micrographs revealed the platelet-like structure of the grains, which would help enhance the magnetic permeability of the materials. Magnetic parameters were investigated in the range of applied field ±12.5 kOe. The hysteresis loops revealed the paramagnetic nature of all the synthesised samples. With the substitution of Mg contents, the maximum magnetization increased from 1.05 to 2.62 (emu/g) and the remanence from 0.02-0.09 (emu/g), while the coercivity also increased. The magnetic permeability was determined over the frequency range of 20 Hz to 20 MHz. The magnetic permeability of the synthesized hexagonal ferrites is enhanced due to the presence of grains having a platelet-like structure. Furthermore, the particle size calculated using Langevin equations varied in the range of 4.7 to 6.5 nm. The calculated magnetic permeability properties make this synthesised ferrite material useful for super-high-frequency devices.
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Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan.
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DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.14.2.165-171.2359
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