European Journal of Chemistry

Determination of trace metals in air of Chittagong city-Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Mohammed Jamaluddin Ahmed
Mohammed Khorshed Ali
Muzammel Hossain
Shajahan Siraj
Mohammed Aminul Ahsan


Air pollution problem is severe in the urban areas caused by both mobile as well as stationary sources. Mainly the two-stroke and diesel-run vehicles cause the severity of the problem by emitting highly contaminated exhausts. Considering severity of the problem, current study was undertaken to measure the air pollutants level in air of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. The heavy metals Zn, Pb, Mn, Cd, Cu and Co in suspended particulate matter (SPM) were determined at different locations of Chittagong city. The sampling locations were selected to reflect different influences from industrial and mobile sources in the highly populated center part of Chittagong city. Samplings were done during October and November 2008 from different areas of the metropolitan city of Chittagong city (Newmarket, Bahaddarhat, Nasirabad, General Electric Company (G.E.C.) Circle and Director’s Office of Department of Environment, Bangladesh). High volume sampler was used for the determination of SPM and the different metal concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The average results of particulate matters and trace metals have been compared to national and international standards. The value of SPM in air of Chittagong city is higher than that of Threshold Limit Value (TLV) recommended by World Health Organization (WHO), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), USA and Department of Environment (DoE), Bangladesh. The metal concentrations of ambient air collected at different locations in Chittagong city is exceeded the threshold limit values and as a result the air of Chittagong city is considered polluted. Therefore, it is suggested that Government of Bangladesh should take proper steps to control the air pollution of Chittagong city.


icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1759 times | icon graph Article PDF downloaded 776 times

How to Cite
Ahmed, M. J.; Ali, M. K.; Hossain, M.; Siraj, S.; Ahsan, M. A. Determination of Trace Metals in Air of Chittagong City-Bangladesh. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3, 416-420.

Article Details

Crossref - Scopus - Google - European PMC

[1]. De, A. K. Environmental Chemistry, Fifth Edition, New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 2000.

[2]. Wales, J. Wikipedia, 2009. 08/17/2012.

[3]. Karim, M. M. Traffic pollution in Bangladesh & Metropolitan Dhaka a Preliminary Investigation, 2009.

[4]. Karim, M. M.; Matsui, H.; Guensler, R. The 89th Annual Meeting of A & WMA, Nashville, Tennessee, June 23-28, 1996.

[5]. Ming, H. Y. Environmental Toxicology. Second Edition, CRC Press LLC, USA, 2005, pp. 36-41.

[6]. Hare, S.; Cresswell, L.; Twig, R.; Buchdahal, J. Atmosphere, Climate & Environmental Information Programme, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK, 1999.

[7]. (12.16.2012).

[8]. Karim, M. M.; Matsui, H.; Transport and Environment, Elsevier Science Ltd. 1998, 3(2), 81-87.

[9]. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Health Aspects of Air Pollution,, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2003.

[10]. Brunkreef, B.; Holgate, S. T.; Air Pollution and Health, Lancet 2002, 360, 1233-42.

[11]. Miah, S. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh,, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 3rd ed., 2009.

[12]. Begum, B. A.; Kim, E.; Biswas, S. K.; Hopke, P. K. Atmos. Environ. 2004, 38, 3025-3038.

[13]. Begum, B. A.; Biswas, S. K.; Nasiruddin, M.; Hossain, A. M. S.; Hopke, P. K. Environ. Eng. Sci. 2009, 26(3), 679-689.

[14]. Hashemi, K. M. A. City Report of Chittagong, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh,, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1st ed., 2006.

[15]. Jamaluddin, A. M.; Khorshed, A. M. Int. J. Res. Chem. Environ. 2012, 2(2), 178-187

[16]. Majumder, A. K.; Hossain, M. E.; Islam, M. N.; Sarwar, M. I. Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Eng. Tech. 2007, 1(4) 1-11.

[17]. Mori, I. M.; Nishikawa, T. T.; Quan, H. Atmos. Environ. 2003, 37, 4263-4268.

[18]. Shaheen, N.; Shah, M. H.; Jaffar, M. Water Air Soil Poll. 2005, 164, 294-302.

[19]. Rostami, S.; Sohrabpour, M.; Mirzaee, H.; Puxbaun, T. Environ. Int. 1999, 25, 969-981.

[20]. Sohrabpour, M.; Mirzaee, H.; Rostami, S.; Athari, M. Environ. Int. 1999, 25, 75-83.

Supporting Agencies

Department of Environment, Government of Bangladesh, Chittagong, Bangladesh and Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Most read articles by the same author(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)


Dimensions - Altmetric - scite_ - PlumX

Downloads and views


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
License Terms

License Terms


Copyright © 2024 by Authors. This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License ( By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution, or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License ( are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).