OPEN ACCESS | PEER-REVIEWED | RESEARCH ARTICLE | DOWNLOAD PDF | VIEW FULL-TEXT PDF | TOTAL VIEWS
Liquid-liquid extraction of zirconium(IV) from sulphuric acid medium using a binary mixture of tri-n-octylamine and Cyanex923 in kerosene
Amit Sahoo (1) , Jaykishon Swain (2) , Bhikari Charana Bhatta (3,*)
(1) Department of Chemistry, Odisha University of Technology and Research, Techno Campus, Mahalaxmivihar, Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India
(2) Department of Chemistry, Odisha University of Technology and Research, Techno Campus, Mahalaxmivihar, Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India
(3) Department of Chemistry, Odisha University of Technology and Research, Techno Campus, Mahalaxmivihar, Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India
(*) Corresponding Author
Received: 11 Mar 2022 | Revised: 04 May 2022 | Accepted: 07 May 2022 | Published: 30 Sep 2022 | Issue Date: September 2022
The extraction behaviour of zirconium(IV) from sulfuric acid medium has been studied with a binary mixture of tri-n-octyl amine (TOA) and Cyanex923 (a mixture of four trialkyl phosphine oxides) in kerosene using a novel liquid-liquid extraction method. Quantitative extraction of zirconium(IV) with binary mixture of Cyanex923 and TOA in kerosene was studied by changing different parameters such as acid variation, extractant variation, effect of chloride ion concentration, effect of temperature, metal concentration variation, diluent effect, and pH effect. The percentage of extraction of zirconium(IV) decreased when the concentration of Cyanex923 and TOA increased. The percentage of zirconium(IV) was observed as 97.56% in a binary mixture of 0.007 M Cyanex923 and 0.06 M TOA. Kerosene was found to be an effective diluent for the extraction of zirconium(IV) with 97.56% extraction using a binary mixture of Cyanex923 and TOA. In addition, the stripping of the zirconium(IV) metal ion in the organic phase was also examined.
Our editors have decided to support scientists to publish their manuscripts in European Journal of Chemistry without any financial constraints.
1- The article processing fee will not be charged from the articles containing the single-crystal structure characterization between November 15, 2022 and December 28, 2022 (Voucher code: SINGLE2022).
2. Young writers will not be charged for the article processing fee between November 15, 2022 and December 28, 2022 (Voucher code: YOUNG2022).
3. The article processing fee will not be charged from the articles containing a part of the PhD thesis between November 15, 2022 and December 28, 2022 (Voucher code: PhD2022).
4. The article processing fee will not be charged from authors who have at least one publication in the European Journal of Chemistry between November 15, 2022 and December 28, 2022 (Voucher code: (Voucher code: AUTHOR2022).
European Journal of Chemistry
Links for Article
| | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | |
Article MetricsThis Abstract was viewed 125 times | PDF Article downloaded 35 times
Odisha University of Technology and Research, Techno Campus, Mahalaxmivihar, Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.
. Emsley, J. Nature's building blocks: An A-Z guide to the elements; Oxford University Press: London, England, 2011.
. CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, Zirconium, 90th edition; Lide, D. R., Ed.; 90th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2009.
. Stwertka, A. A guide to the elements; 4th ed.; Oxford University Press: New York, NY, 2018.
. Nielsen, R. Zirconium and Zirconium Compounds. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2000.
. Lee, D. B. N.; Roberts, M.; Bluchel, C. G.; Odell, R. A. Zirconium: Biomedical and nephrological applications. ASAIO J. 2010, 56, 550-556.
. Reddy, B. R.; Kumar, J. R.; Reddy, A. V. Solvent extraction of zirconium(IV) from acid chloride solutions using LIX 84-IC. Hydrometallurgy 2004, 74, 173-177.
. Ma, S.; Yang, F.; Tan, F.; Xie, M.; Yu, S.; Xue, L.; Li, Z.; Hu, T. Highly efficient and selective solvent extraction of zirconium and hafnium from chloride acid solution including amic acid extractant. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2021, 279, 119779.
. El-Yamani, I. Co-extraction and separation of zirconium and hafnium by long-chain amines from sulphate media. Talanta 1978, 25, 523-525.
. Sato, T.; Watanabe, H. The extraction of zirconium(IV) from sulphuric acid solutions by long-chain aliphatic amines. J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 1974, 36, 2585-2589.
. Sato, T.; Watanabe, H. The extraction of zirconium(IV) from sulfuric acid solutions by long-chain alkyl Quaternary ammonium compound. Sep. Sci. Technol. 1982, 17, 625-634.
. Chen, S.; Zhang, Z.; Kuang, S.; Li, Y.; Huang, X.; Liao, W. Separation of zirconium from hafnium in sulfate medium using solvent extraction with a new reagent BEAP. Hydrometallurgy 2017, 169, 607-611.
. Juang, R.-S.; Lo, R.-H. Equilibrium studies of the extraction of zirconium(IV) from sulfuric acid solutions with Di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 2007, 58, 261-269.
. Botelho Junior, A. B.; Espinosa, D. C. R.; Tenório, J. A. S. Selective separation of Sc(III) and Zr(IV) from the leaching of bauxite residue using trialkylphosphine acids, tertiary amine, tri-butyl phosphate and their mixtures. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2021, 279, 119798.
. Schrötterová, D.; Nekovář, P.; Mrnka, M. Extraction of zirconium(IV) from sulfuric acid solutions with amines and mathematical simulation of extraction processes. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 1991, 150, 325-333.
. Wang, L. Y.; Lee, M. S. Separation of Zr and Hf from sulfuric acid solutions with amine-based extractants by solvent extraction. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2015, 142, 83-89.
. Das, N. R.; Lahiri, S. Liquid-liquid extraction of trace level zirconium and hafnium with trioctylamine. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 1994, 181, 157-164.
. Onishi, H. Spectrophotometric determination of zirconium, uranium, thorium and rare earths with arsenazo III after extractions with thenoyltrifluoroacetone and tri-n-octylamine. Talanta 1972, 19, 473-478.
. Wu, M.; Xu, F.; Dong, P.; Wu, H.; Zhao, Z.; Wu, C.; Chi, R.; Xu, Z. Process for synergistic extraction of Hf(IV) over Zr(IV) from thiocyanic acid solution with TOPO and N1923. Chem. Eng. Process. 2022, 170, 108673.
. Das, N. R.; Lahiri, S. Liquid-liquid extraction of trace level niobium and tantalum by trioctylamine. Anal. Sci. 1992, 8, 317-322.
. Patkar, S. N.; Patil, R. J. Liquid-liquid extraction and separation of bismuth (iii) with synergistic mixture of N-N-octylaniline and trioctylamine as an extractant from thiocyanate media. Inter. J. Pharma. Chem. Sci. 2012, 1 (2), 747-755. https://ijpcsonline.com/files/files/36-116.pdf (accessed May 1, 2022).
. Ejaz, M. N-Oxides of 4-(5-nonyl)pyridine and trioctylamine as extractants for zirconium from uranium and fission product nuclides. Anal. Chem. 1976, 48, 1158-1161.
. Nayl, A. A.; El-Nadi, Y. A.; Daoud, J. A. Extraction and separation of Zr(IV) and Hf(IV) from nitrate medium by some CYANEX extractants. Sep. Sci. Technol. 2009, 44, 2956-2970.
. Conradie, E. W.; Westhuizen, D. J. V. D.; Nel, J. T.; Krieg, H. M. The hafnium-selective extraction fom a zirconium(hafnium) heptafluoride ammonium solution using organophosphorus-based extractants. Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 2018, 36, 658-673.
. Taghizadeh, M.; Ghanadi, M.; Zolfonoun, E. Separation of zirconium and hafnium by solvent extraction using mixture of TBP and Cyanex 923. J. Nucl. Mater. 2011, 412, 334-337.
. Gupta, B.; Malik, P.; Mudhar, N. Extraction and recovery of zirconium from zircon using cyanex 923. Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 2005, 23, 345-357.
How to cite
The other citation formats (EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | BibTeX | RefWorks) for this article can be found online at: How to cite item
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.273-278.2273
| | | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley
European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(3), 273-278 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.273-278.2273 | Get rights and content
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2022 Authors
This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0). By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License (http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms) are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).
© Copyright 2010 - 2022 • Atlanta Publishing House LLC • All Right Reserved.
The opinions expressed in all articles published in European Journal of Chemistry are those of the specific author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Atlanta Publishing House LLC, or European Journal of Chemistry, or any of its employees.
Copyright 2010-2022 Atlanta Publishing House LLC. All rights reserved. This site is owned and operated by Atlanta Publishing House LLC whose registered office is 2850 Smith Ridge Trce Peachtree Cor GA 30071-2636, USA. Registered in USA.