European Journal of Chemistry

Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process


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Samreen Zahra
Saboora Qaisa
Asma Sheikh
Hamim Bukhari
Chaudhry Athar Amin


This study reports the base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. The solution was primarily comprised of zinc nitrate hexahydrate as a metal precursor, isopropyl alcohol and water as solvents, and glycerin as a stabilizing agent. The effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of the prepared nanoparticles was investigated by varying the calcination temperature from 500 to 900 °C. The X-ray diffraction analysis, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and field emission scanning electron microscopy were employed to determine the crystal structure, surface functional groups, thermal stability, and surface morphology of the nanoparticles. The particle size was found to be directly proportional to the calcination temperature.

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How to Cite
Zahra, S.; Qaisa, S.; Sheikh, A.; Bukhari, H.; Amin, C. A. Effect of Calcination Temperature on the Structure and Morphology of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized by Base-Catalyzed Aqueous Sol-Gel Process. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13, 162-167.

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Supporting Agencies

Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pakistan.

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