European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(4), 451-459 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.4.451-459.2323 | Get rights and content

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Adsorption studies of hexavalent chromium ions on the dead biomass of Cystoseira indica


Zahid Mahmood (1,*) orcid , Samreen Zahra (2) orcid , Izza Ijaz (3) orcid

(1) Mineral Processing Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Ferozepur Road, Pakistan
(2) Mineral Processing Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Ferozepur Road, Pakistan
(3) Department of Chemistry, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road, Lahore-54610, Pakistan
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 12 Aug 2022 | Revised: 11 Oct 2022 | Accepted: 12 Oct 2022 | Published: 31 Dec 2022 | Issue Date: December 2022

Abstract


The biosorption of hexavalent chromium ions from aqueous solution was investigated using acid-modified dead biomass of the abundantly available brown marine alga Cystoseira indica from Karachi coastal area of Pakistan. The biosorbent was characterized by infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The optimum biosorption conditions, i.e., biosorbent dosage, contact time, initial metal ion concentration, pH, and temperature, were determined by carrying out batch-mode experiments. The sorption behavior was established by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, which showed that although the uptake of metals was more feasible on a heterogeneous surface, homogeneous surface conditions seemed to exist at the same time. The thermodynamic parameters ∆G°, ∆H° and ∆S° calculated at different temperatures ranging from 298 to 318 K demonstrated that the biosorption was a spontaneous and exothermic process under the experimental conditions applied.


Keywords


Biomass; Isotherms; Biosorption; Cystoceria indica; Hexavalent chromium; Thermodynamic parameters

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.13.4.451-459.2323

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How to cite


Mahmood, Z.; Zahra, S.; Ijaz, I. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(4), 451-459. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.4.451-459.2323
Mahmood, Z.; Zahra, S.; Ijaz, I. Adsorption studies of hexavalent chromium ions on the dead biomass of Cystoseira indica. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(4), 451-459. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.4.451-459.2323
Mahmood, Z., Zahra, S., & Ijaz, I. (2022). Adsorption studies of hexavalent chromium ions on the dead biomass of Cystoseira indica. European Journal of Chemistry, 13(4), 451-459. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.4.451-459.2323
Mahmood, Zahid, Samreen Zahra, & Izza Ijaz. "Adsorption studies of hexavalent chromium ions on the dead biomass of Cystoseira indica." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 13.4 (2022): 451-459. Web. 5 Feb. 2023
Mahmood, Zahid, Zahra, Samreen, AND Ijaz, Izza. "Adsorption studies of hexavalent chromium ions on the dead biomass of Cystoseira indica" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 13 Number 4 (31 December 2022)

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