European Journal of Chemistry 2014, 5(1), 192-200. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883

Arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as interesting disperse dyes: Recent developments with emphasis on our contribution laboratory outcomes


Saleh Mohammed Al-Mousawi (1,*) , Morsy Ahmed El-Apasery (2) , Mohamed Hilmy Elnagdi (3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Safat 13060, Kuwait
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Safat 13060, Kuwait
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Safat 13060, Kuwait
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 23 Jul 2013, Accepted: 06 Sep 2013, Published: 31 Mar 2014

Abstract


In this review, we report a survey on the synthesis and application of arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as versatile disperse dyes. Recent reports on the synthesis of arylazonicotinates via condensing arylhydrazonals with active methylene nitriles in acetic acid in presence of ammonium acetate is surveyed. The scope and limitations of this synthetic approach which in some cases afford pyridazinones or arylazonicotinates is defined. Microwave assisted as well as ultra sound assisted synthesis of arylazopyridones as established marketed dyes is also surveyed. Conversion of these arylazopyridones into arylazothienopyridones that can de converted into arylazoisoquinoline derivatives is discussed. Synthesis of arylazopyrazoles and pyrazolopyrimidines via microwave or ultra sound is discussed. The utility of the synthesized compounds as well as antimicrobial disperse dyes and efforts to define their potentialities are also covered.


Keywords


Disperse dyes; Arylazoazoles; Arylazoazines; Polyester fabrics; Biological activity; Microwave irradiation

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883

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[1]. Tarek Aysha, Mervat El-Sedik, Hamada M. Mashaly, Morsy A. El-Apasery, Oldřich Machalický, Radim Hrdina
Synthesis, characterisation, and applications of isoindigo/Pechmann dye heteroanalogue hybrid dyes on polyester fabric
Coloration Technology  131(4), 333, 2015
DOI: 10.1111/cote.12161
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How to cite


Al-Mousawi, S.; El-Apasery, M.; Elnagdi, M. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 5(1), 192-200. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883
Al-Mousawi, S.; El-Apasery, M.; Elnagdi, M. Arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as interesting disperse dyes: Recent developments with emphasis on our contribution laboratory outcomes. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 5(1), 192-200. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883
Al-Mousawi, S., El-Apasery, M., & Elnagdi, M. (2014). Arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as interesting disperse dyes: Recent developments with emphasis on our contribution laboratory outcomes. European Journal of Chemistry, 5(1), 192-200. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883
Al-Mousawi, Saleh, Morsy Ahmed El-Apasery, & Mohamed Hilmy Elnagdi. "Arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as interesting disperse dyes: Recent developments with emphasis on our contribution laboratory outcomes." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 5.1 (2014): 192-200. Web. 7 Dec. 2019
Al-Mousawi, Saleh, El-Apasery, Morsy, AND Elnagdi, Mohamed. "Arylazoazines and arylazoazoles as interesting disperse dyes: Recent developments with emphasis on our contribution laboratory outcomes" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 5 Number 1 (31 March 2014)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.5.1.192-200.883

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